Glossary

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Allowance

A quantity of service units (seconds, SMS, kB or cents) included in a product.

Balance

The current remaining quantity of service units (seconds, SMS, kB or cents) of a subscription.

Bill cycle

The bill cycle corresponds to the period of time taken into account for invoice calculation. (Usually from 1st to the last day of the month)

Catalog

A catalog holds list of products available for a particular COS (group of subscribers).

COS

A Class Of Service regroups subscribers sharing a common set of parameters on the OCS for example, product catalog, rate card, notifications scheme, etc...

Credit

Prepaid credit is stored in subscriber’s wallet and can be used to buy a product or to call out-of-bundle destinations (ex: premium, international, roaming).

Cancel location

The Cancel-Location-Request (CLR) command is sent from HSS to MME or SGSN.

Data Safeguard

The EU's 2009 Roaming Regulation (N° 544/2009) required mobile operators to offer their customers, as of March 2010 (IP/10/215), the possibility to set their own monthly cut-off price limit for data roaming via mobile phone or a computer.
From 1st July 2010, if customers have not chosen a different cut-off level, operators will have to impose a monthly default cut-off for data roaming of €50 excluding VAT.

eSIM

An eSIM (embedded-SIM) is a form of programmable SIM card that is embedded directly into a device. Wikipedia

HSS

The Home Subscriber Server, is a master user database that supports the IMS network entities that actually handle calls. It contains the subscription-related information (subscriber profiles), performs authentication and authorization of the user, and can provide information about the subscriber's location and IP information. It is similar to the GSM home location register (HLR) and Authentication centre (AuC). Wikipedia

ICCID

Integrated Circuit Card Identifier (ICCID) is a unique serial number of your SIM card.
The ICCID is defined by the ITU-T recommendation E.118 as the Primary Account Number. A full ICCID is 19 or 20 characters.

IoT

The Internet of Things describes the network of physical objects—“things”—that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. Wikipedia

M2M

Machine to machine refers to direct communication between devices using any wired or wireless communication channels. Wikipedia

MSISDN

Mobile Station International Subscriber Directory Number (MSISDN) is a unique identifier of a subscriber in a mobile network. Simply put, it is the telephone number to the SIM card in a device.

MVNO

A Mobile Virtual Network Operator is a wireless communications services provider that does not own the wireless network infrastructure. Wikipedia

MVNO_REF

Unique label provided by Transatel identifying your account in our system.

MWC

Mobile Workplace Connect is a Transatel offer to connect nomadic employees with a multi-operator SIM: https://www.transatel.com/solutions/connected-workplace/nomadic-employees/

Network attach

The network attach is the procedure in which the mobile device registers to the network. This is one of the first procedure executed by the device after being switched ON and includes a location update.

Network detach

The network detach is an HSS-Initiated procedure. The HSS uses this procedure for operator-determined purposes to request the removal of a subscriber’s MM and EPS bearer at the MME and also at the SGSN if both an MME and an SGSN are registered in the HSS. It means a cancel location request is sent from the Transatel HSS to the Radio Access Network (RAN). Please note, it does not always force the UE to launch a new attach procedure because it depends on device context and behavior.

Location update

In order to make a mobile terminated call, the network must know the location of the UE (user equipment) despite its movement. For this purpose, the UE periodically reports its location to the network using the location update procedure.

OCS/Prepaid platform

Online Charging System is the telecom industry appellation to refer to a real-time platform which charge the subscribers based on their service usage.

OTA

Over-the-air is any method of making data transfers or transactions wirelessly using the cellular network instead of a cable or other local connection.
This technology is used to communicate with SIM cards and change their data wirelessly.

Payment provider

Defines how products are paid. Depending on the type of service offered, and the contract signed with Transatel, the list of available payment providers may vary.

PIN

A Personal Identification Number or PIN code, is a passcode used in unlocking a cellphone's SIM card. Wikipedia

PUK

A Personal Unblocking Key, sometimes called personal unblocking code (PUC), is used in SIM cards to reset a PIN that has been lost or forgotten. Wikipedia

Product

You can see a product as a type of service plan Transatel real-time platform (OCS) can offer. There are several product categories such as recurring plan, one-off plan or add-on. Please refer to your product portfolio documentation for more details.

Add-on product

Also known as bolt-on, allows to boost the current allowance of an active recurring product to extend service usage.

One-off product

A product that gives a one-time amount of service units (allowance) valid for a limited amount of time.

Recurring product

A product which renews itself every configured period of time. It can have an expiration date (fixed number of renewals) or be unlimited in time.

Rate plan

Rate plan defines the way charges are calculated for a particular service (Currency, price per zone, call types, ...).

RTCP

Stands for Real-time Controlled Postpaid, commercial option to make use of Transatel OCS to meter and cap service usage when the subscriber plan is exhausted or expired.

SIM card

Subscriber Identity Module card is an integrated circuit (IC) inserted into a device (such as a cell phone) and that is used to identify a subscriber on a communications network. Wikipedia

SIM management portal

Transatel provides a web application in order to manage efficiently your SIM fleet.

SMS

Short Message Service is a text messaging service component of most telephone, Internet, and mobile device systems. It uses standardized communication protocols that let mobile devices exchange short text messages. Wikipedia

A2P messaging

A2P or application-to-person messaging is the term used to define SMS messages sent to a subscriber by an application. Typical usages are one-time-passwords (OTPS), notifications, assistants, reminders or marketing campaign messages.

P2P messaging

P2P or person-to-person messaging is the term used to define SMS messages sent to a subscriber from another subscriber.

On-net

Refers to traffic (here SMS messaging) towards your own fleet of subscribers.

Off-net

Refers to traffic (here SMS messaging) towards any subscribers outside your own fleet of subscribers.

Subscriber

The entity which represents the user (person or device) of a mobile connectivity service, it is charged for all fees related to the activation or usage of this service.

Subscription

When a product is subscribed and assigned to one subscriber, it becomes a subscription. Subscriptions are then stored in a subscriber inventory identified by his MSISDN.

Wallet

A specific subscription that holds prepaid credit.

Tariff holiday

Tariff Holiday enables you to pause a SIM’s services for a limited period of time. During this period, no charges will be applied for this SIM. If you have a commitment for your SIM, the period spent in Tariff Holiday will extend the commitment period.

Test mode

Test mode gives the SIM a quota of data & SMS to be used for a specific period of time before becoming active. While in test mode, no charges will be applied for this SIM. Once the quota is reached, the SIM automatically exits test mode.

Webhook

A webhook is a way to subscribe to real-time events emitted by a platform. You can see them as extension of an API, but instead of requesting data, this data will be pushed to you when some defined events occur. This allows to trigger any logic such as end-user communications. Wikipedia